Glossary of Terms

Words can be confusing, so here is some simply definitons of words you may come across when placing an order with The Trophy Superstore.

Badge: A small item designed to be worn by attachment to an individual’s clothing, pocket, lapel, etc., that identifies the individual, e.g. a name badge.

Banner: Similar to a sign, but usually made of cloth, satin like material or other flexible material and imprinted with a message.

Base (Trophy) the foundation upon which a trophy is built; the bottom piece of a trophy. Available in different sizes, shapes, materials and designs.

Bitmap: A digital file or image composed of pixels or dots.

Brass: A metal alloy composed of copper, zinc and a small percentage of lead which is expressly formulated for rotary engraving due to its “free machining” characteristics.

Certificate: A type of award, usually made of paper or foil and imprinted with an award message and design.

CNCAn acronym for computerized numerical control, the principal used in computer controlled engraving.

Colour Filling: Also known as paint filling, the process of filling laser and rotary engraved or etched grooves or characters with paint to add colour.

Column: A generic term describing the central vertical component of a trophy. Available in an extremely wide variety of shapes, colours, materials and designs. Bends, extrusions and wood turnings are also considered columns if used as the central component in a trophy.

Condensing: Compressing a line of text as in computerized engraving, so as to reduce its width without affecting its height.

CorelDrawA comprehensive graphics design software program used extensively to create anything from message layouts to logo design to templates for rotary and laser engraving, sublimation and other applications.

Corner NotcherA punch like device used to remove an arc shaped indentation from a plate corner to provide a decorative look. Often used on plaque plates, nameplates, etc.

Countersink: A multi diameter drill bit used to create a stepped, multi diameter hole, allowing a screw or bolt head to be recessed below the surface of an item. Also the operation of drilling a “countersunk” hole. Used in drilling mounting holes in trophy bases, caps, etc.

CrestA decorative symbol depicting an organization, family, etc., e.g. a coat of arms.

Crystal: A high quality, glass used in the manufacture of gifts and awards. Consists of Glass and Lead mixture – was known as Lead Crystal.

Trophy Cup: A trophy component, used like a figure, in the shape of a cup or bowl. Cups are often used in lieu of trophy figures and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and different mounting configurations, but most commonly with a threaded mounting stud protruding from the bottom

Cutters, Engraving: General term which describes a variety of rotating and nonrotating cutting tools.

DecalA piece of material, such as Mylar, imprinted with a design, message, etc., that can be adhered to another surface, usually through self-adhesion.

Depth Regulator NoseA device that fits on the bottom of a rotary engraving spindle, allowing the rotating cutter to protrude, that regulates the depth of cut by riding over the surface of the material being engraved.

Desk Set: A term used to generically describe a coordinated group of accessories used on a desktop, such as a matching pen and pencil holder, notepad holder, business card holder, etc.

Diamond Drag Engraving: A type of mechanical engraving which utilizes a bullet-point diamond graver to “scratch” lines/characters into a substrate using no motor power.

Die Casting: The process of pouring or forcing molten metal into a permanent mold to create a casting. Commonly used for manufacturing trophy figures and award medals.

Die StampingThe process of using a punch and die on a blanking press to produce shapes from different materials, such as metal, which match the shape of the die.

Die Striking: A manufacturing process utilizing a press and a die whereby the die is brought down under great pressure onto a material blank causing the die’s raised or recessed image to be pressed into the material. Used for manufacturing medals, medallions and coins.

Display FixtureAny of a variety of cases, covers, etc., that a product can set in or on in order to be viewed.

Drill Bit: A tool bit used to drill holes in various materials.

Electroplating: The process of covering an item with a thin coating of metal by placing it in a plating solution and passing an electrical current through the solution.

Embedding (Acrylic): An object created by encapsulating various objects, e.g. medallions, coins, business cards, etc., within a block of solid acrylic through a casting process

Embossing: To decorate with a raised design, e.g. an embossing seal with a die is used to emboss paper documents by stretching the fibres of the paper.

Embroidery: The process of creating stitched designs on fabric using needles and thread.

Engravable: A term used to describe a variety of small items that can be engraved, such as jewellery and gift items. Also, any substance which can be engraved.

Engraving: The art or technique of carving, cutting or etching into a material.

Epoxy: A resin characterized by toughness, strong adhesion, and high corrosion and chemical resistance, used as a material surface coating and an adhesive.

Felt Dot: A circular piece of felt adhered to the bottoms of awards, such as trophies, to prevent the item from sliding or scratching the surface on which it rests.

FerruleTrophy hardware, also called a hexagon head coupling, used on top of trophy caps and lids where the threaded portion of a rod or a figure will be attached. Ferrules allow unscrewing and changing trophy figures without disassembling the entire trophy.

FigureA trophy component (figurines) depicting the theme of the trophy, such as a Football player. Trophy figures are usually made from metal or plastic and are available in hundreds of themes.

Filename Extension: The two or three letter extension (after the period) in a computer file name, e.g. DOC, EXE, DXF, EPS, etc.

Findings: Attachments or fasteners, such as safety pins, clips, clutches, etc., used to attach a badge or lapel pin to a garment.

Foil, Hot Stamping: Foils are a thin film coated with a layer of colour that is transferred using heated dies that seal the thin metallic layer onto a substrate surface.

Font: A complete set of “type” in a particular style used for printing, engraving, etc.

Halftone: A reproduction of a photograph or film negative in which the image is made up of a series of fine black dots of varying sizes. Viewed from a distance, the image appears to be of varying shades of grey.

Hand EngravingThe process of engraving using handheld tools.

Hanger: A piece of hardware that can be mounted on the back of an item such as a plaque to facilitate attachment to a wall.

Header: The main portion of an award message, often the name of or reason for the award.

Heat PressA piece of equipment that utilizes heat and pressure to sublimate or apply various heat transfers onto flat items such as T-shirts and plates.

Heat Tape: A type of adhesive tape that withstands high temperatures, used to secure items that will under go a heat based imprinting process, such as sublimation.

Hot Stamping: A marking method whereby a heated die is brought into contact with a foil, which is coated on the underside with a coloured pigment or metallic coating. The pigment is transferred to the item through heat and pressure. Popularly used for imprinting award ribbons, name badges, etc.

IncentiveAn item that is given away or presented as a prize, used to motivate and encourage individuals to achieve a desired goal.

Inkjet Sublimation: A colour personalization method where “sublimating dyes” are printed onto a paper transfer which is then heat transferred onto a substrate using a heat press.

Italicization: A computer technique used to tilt a line of characters so the vertical lines all tilt to the right, giving the effect of an “italic” font.

Jade GlassInexpensive glass often used in the manufacture of drink-ware and inexpensive glass awards. Jade glass is so named due to its greenish colour when a thick piece is viewed.

Jigs, Holding: A set of holding devices that clamp an item in an engraving machine.

Jump Ring: A small loop found on items such as charms and medals that allows the item to be attached to another item, such as a bracelet, neck chain or neck ribbon.

Justification: The term for aligning type between fixed left and right margins. Right justified text is flush with the right margin and left justified defines text that is flush with the left margin. Centre justified text places the type cantered between the left and right margins.

Lanyard: A cord or ribbon worn around the neck for attaching something, such as a badge or whistle.

LaserableA material which can be engraved using a laser.

Laser Engraving: The process of engraving with a high energy laser beam which vaporizes the material being engraved.

Lead Crystal: Crystal that contains at least 24% lead oxide.

Logo: A graphic symbol that represents or identifies a business or organization. In common usage, also often referred to as any special graphic design that can be engraved, such as control panel layouts and floor plans.

Magnetic Badge Finding: A badge attachment which utilizes a magnet and a metal backing to adhere the item to a garment.

Marble: A naturally formed rock-like mineral characterized by a streaked appearance, e.g. white marble with grey streaks. Popular for its ornamental qualities and used for products such as trophy bases.

MedalA coin-like award usually made of metal and imprinted with a design and/or message denoting achievement. Medals usually contain a loop (jump ring) at the top allowing them to be attached to an accessory and worn by the recipient.

Medallion: A coin-like award, similar to a medal, imprinted with a design and/or message commemorating achievement. Intended to be attached to a base (such as a plaque, medallion holder or the base of a pen and pencil set) instead of being worn by the recipient.

Pad Printing: A mechanical marking process similar to offset printing whereby a silicone (rubbery) pad picks up ink from the recesses of an etched gravure plate containing an image and then transfers the ink to a material surface.

Paint Filling: The process of filling laser and rotary engraved or etched grooves or characters with paint to add colour, also known as colour filling.

Perpetual (Award)An award intended to be used for a long or indefinite time period and designed to be updated periodically through the addition of new information, e.g. an annual award where a new recipient is added every year

Pewter: A very soft, grey white metal alloy made of tin, antimony and copper used in the manufacture of Engravable items such as tankards, cups and bowls.

Piano Finish: A wood finishing technique involving many successive coats of lacquer and exhibiting a very high gloss level.

Pin (Safety Pin): A finding in the form of a straight pin and clasp used to attach items such as badges and medal accessories to clothing.

Plaque: An award containing a message and often graphics designed to be attached to a wall and given for recognition and achievement.

Plaque Stand: A fixture designed to display a plaque on a desktop, counter, etc.

Raster Engraving: Laser engraving characterized by the back and forth movement of the beam, with an incremental step movement with each pass.

ResinsAward products made using a cast and a pourable plastic or elastomer compound.

Ribbon/ClaspA medal accessory, usually made of a soft, bendable metal, designed to be bent around a ribbon. Ribbon clasps are available with many different subject inscriptions to designate different events and classes in various competitions.

RibbonAn award made of a satin like fabric that is often imprinted (usually through hot stamping) with an award message

Ribbon (Neck): A medal accessory, often made of brightly coloured cloth, containing a loop that can be attached to a medal’s jump ring allowing the medal to be worn around an individual’s neck.

RiserA vertical pillar used to provide multiple levels and height to a trophy. Usually hollow to allow a rod to pass through. A wide variety of risers are available, including extrusions, bends and wood turnings (see these terms in the glossary for more information) as well as a wide variety of themes.

RodA steel or plastic threaded rod that serves as the backbone for most trophies by holding trophy components together. Standard rods are 1/4" diameter and are available in various lengths, usually with screw threads at each end.

Rosette (Ribbon): Part of an award ribbon made from the same type of material, but stitched in a flat, circular configuration resembling a rose.

Rosewood: A type of hard wood used in the manufacture of gavels and other award items, and characterized by a dark reddish colour with a strongly delineated grain.

RoutRemoving material in a substrate by gouging or digging with a tool, often leaving only raised character and logo images.

Sandblasting: A marking method in which a stencil is placed on the item to be marked and a constant stream of sand particles is directed at the item to etch the design. Commonly used for marking glass, ceramic and stone.

Sash: A band or ribbon imprinted with a message and worn over the shoulder, used as an award to identify contestants for competitions such as beauty contests.

ScannerA computer peripheral used to digitally capture hard copy artwork and create a digital file.

Screen PrintingA marking method in which a fabric screen/stencil is placed over the item to be marked and ink is pushed through the stencil pores onto the item to create the image. Popular for marking all kinds of materials from glass to textiles. Commonly referred to as silk screening because stencils were originally made of silk.

Script: A type face or letter style consisting of curving lines and designed so as to simulate human handwriting.

Shadow Box: A display unit consisting of a flat back and an extruding perimeter. A plate or other award item can be placed on the back, giving it a recessed or boxed look.

Shear: A machine which cuts various materials through the closure of two blades.

Spindle: The part of a rotary engraving machine which holds the engraving cutter or end mill.

Sublimation (Sublimating Dye Transfer): An imaging method utilizing pressure and heat to transfer an image from a paper heat transfer coated with special dyes to an item. Sublimating dyes undergo a change of phase from a solid to a gas on heating, transfer to the adjoining surface and then resolidify on cooling. Popular for imprinting textiles, metal plates, and specially treated plastics and ceramics. Also see Inkjet Sublimation and Laser Sublimation.

TableThe holding surface of an engraving machine.

TankardA large drinking vessel containing a handle and, sometimes, a hinged cover. Often made of pewter or silver and given as an award.

TrayA large, flat serving piece with a raised edge, often made of silver that usually contains decorative designs such as scrolls and can be engraved. Popular for award and gift applications.

Trim: A decorative piece other than the main components of a trophy used to dress up a trophy, e.g. trim figures and other ornamentals.

Trophy: In a traditional sense, anything tangible that is won or given as a prize or award. In today's industry, an award made from various standard components, such as a column, a base and a trophy figure, and given for achievement/ victory.

Trophy Plate: A recognition/identification plate, often made of metal engraving stock that contains names and award messages, and is mounted on a trophy.

Vacuum Pump: A “pump” which creates suction instead of pressure, useful for vacuum tables and hold-down fixtures.

Vacuum Table: An engraving table which utilizes vacuum/suction to hold down the material while it’s being engraved.

Vector Cutting: A cutting operation in both laser and rotary engraving where the laser beam or rotary cutter follows a “path” made up of straight lines, curves, etc.

Vectorisation: Converting a raster or bitmap image comprised of dots or pixels into a “vector” image comprised of lines or cutter moves. Vectorisation is often done using a “trace” program which outlines a group of pixels with line segments.

VinylA type of plastic that is tough and flexible, used for coverings or coatings on various award products. Also available are sign cutting vinyls, which are films from which graphics and letters can be cut using vinyl letter cutting equipment, typically consisting of vinyl adhered to a paper carrier or strip.

Wood VeneerAn inexpensive wood, such as pine, particle board, etc., that has been surface laminated with a thin coating of a premium hardwood such as oak or walnut.

YAG Laser: A laser which generates its power by “pumping” a solid rod with energy. YAGs are often used for industrial marking thanks to their ability to mark metal and other materials and their extremely fine spot size.